Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Overview & Features
Physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R), also known as physiatry, or rehabilitation medicine, is a branch of medicine that aims to enhance and restore functional ability and quality of life to those with physical impairments or disabilities. Rehabilitation is a science which concerns itself with functional ability.
Rehabilitation of people with disabilities is a process aimed at enabling them to reach and maintain their optimal physical, sensory, intellectual, psychological and social functional levels. Rehabilitation provides people with disability the tools they need to attain independence and self-determination.” (World Health Organization)
Department aim to provide comprehensive, cohesive and cost-effective treatment and to re-integrate a person with disability into society.
This is achieved by cohesively treating, teaching, training and mentally tempering the people with disability through a combination of medical treatment, physiotherapy, occupational therapy, counselling and vocational training.
During the rehabilitation process, all possible resources and all possible methods, both within and without, are utilised to enhance an individual’s function.
- Locomotor Disability
• Chronic pain management
• Spinal cord injury
• Traumatic brain injury
• Cerebral palsy
• Muscular Dystrophy
• Developmental Delay in children
• Pressure ulcer
• Diabetic foot
• Rheumatoid Arthritis
• Osteoarthritis of knee and hip
• Spondyloarthropathy of cervical and lumbar spine
• Peripheral neuropathy
• Joint management of person with Haemophilia
• Cancer Rehabilitation
• Burn Rehablitation
• Geriatric Rehabilitation
• Prosthetic fitting for Amputee
Medical and Surgical Management: Treatment of all routine medical problems
encountered by individuals with disability is carried out by the department.Operations are performed for the surgical management of pressure sores and for
correction of deformities.
- A variety of physical modalities like heat, sound, light, and
electricity are used to alleviate pain and improve functioning.
Occupational Therapy: Occupational therapy is concerned with enhancing a
person with disability’s functioning through training in specific activities and
Social Work: The ultimate aim of rehabilitation is to enable the person with
disability to be a productive individual within society. The social worker’s sphere of action extends beyond the walls of the hospital to ensure that vocational rehabilitation takes place.
Community Based Rehabilitation: Community Based Rehabilitation aims at
changing the environment, enabling patients to find methods to modify
available infrastructure for easier access and helping them to meet other special
needs they will encounter while living in their community.
Orthotic and Prosthetic Services: Fitting and provision of assistive devices and
mobility aids such as calipers, walkers artificial limbs and appropriate wheel